who was the girl with the pearl earring? - pearl necklace and earring set
A historian thinks she is actually a painter, and she draws the fifth work of Vermeer. his daughter.
The iconic girl of Benjamin Binstock Johannes Vermeer came to New York with pearl earrings in the Frick Collection, attracting an unprecedented crowd.
So we may ask: Who is she?
Including Marcel Proust's friend, Jean-
Lawrence Weschler, a New Yorker writer, says she may be the artist's eldest daughter, Maria.
Many Vermeer scholars believe that this is a romantic mistake of the times, is a projection of the early modern art View, reflecting the artist's situation.
After this denial, Tracy Chevalier's novel, The Girl with pearl earrings, provides another fictional answer: she is Griet, an assistant to the family maid (
The film is played by Scarlett Johnson)
Become a love interest in Vermeer.
But the evidence suggests that Vermeer's daughter, Maria, is his likely model and an important part of his art.
What's more inflammatory is that I think Maria Vermeer is also a talented artist who drew about one
The fifth of the works currently assigned to her father.
Vermeer is the greatest genre painter in the Netherlands, and he draws their themes from his daily life.
Rembrandt has used himself and other family members as models for historical roles that are more suitable for genre scenes.
Another factor is the rise of optical naturalism, including obscura, a pioneer of modern photographic cameras pioneered by Carel Fabritius (
Also represented in Frick)
The most gifted students of Rembrandt and the main influence of Vermeer.
But Vermeer did not simply "record" the world around him.
On the contrary, he carefully designed the structure of poetry according to the observed situation.
The closer he depends on life around him, the more remarkable his art is.
Painting fable, or painting art, oil painting, 1666.
Painting fable, or painting art, oil painting on canvas
1667, 120 cm by 100 drawing by Johannes Vermeer.
Vienna museum of Quincy.
Vermeer himself told us this in his art of painting, and his vision proved his ambition.
The work shows a painter in an old dress, sitting from behind in front of the easel
A Dutch-style costume, drawing a young girl decorated with laurel, with a trumpet and a book.
The painter is often considered Vermeer because his hair and kimono are equivalent in the process of 1656.
Since 1949, the girl has been called the muse Clio of historical writing, following the traditional idea that history is the highest category of art.
But the mature Vermeer did not describe history.
Scholars also spoke to the widow and mother of Vermeer --in-
Law describes a picture of a "painting" that is depicted [
Uytgebeeld, which also means acting as a character or playing a role on stage].
Girl is the embodiment of painting [Pictura]
, Saves properties related to painting, while other properties are arranged on the table in front of her.
These include a blue and yellow "color changing dress" that may be the same textile that Vermeer's Girl with pearl earrings subtly wound around her head, so she may also be painted
In both cases, she takes her work very seriously.
Vermeer replaces the "high" historical or fable content, and through his interesting relationship with the model, he paints the painting as a specific individual he is familiar.
As a painter of modern life, the greatness of Vermeer lies in the native and family nature of his art.
More conservative scholars use an outdated, pre-modern art paradigm to illustrate a system (historical)message.
On the contrary, Vermeer is the pioneer of the modern art paradigm, expressing the artist's unique environment, experience and emotion, which is the paradigm first elaborated in the text of the Romantic period.
During the same period, the modern discipline of art history began to be established and began to collect the artist's personal works, the relevant facts of their lives and the different explanations of their works, the first "discovery" of Vermeer is an unacknowledged genius.
We continue to pursue these goals today.
Surprisingly, given the number of monographs devoted to the relatively small number of paintings in Vermeer, none of the scholars offered a description of his progressive painting --by-
My painting development before 2009 books.
Several of the characters that the author will repeat in his work are identified as Vermeer, his wife, his aging eldest daughter Maria and Elizabeth (Lijsbeth)
, Even the family maid who sent milk from Vermeer (
Advice from historian J. M.
Possible inspiration for Montias and Chevrolet).
But no one is trying to systematically solve the problem of using the home model in Vermeer, and some have completely rejected the possibility.
In his art of painting, there are young women wearing pearl necklaces and girls wearing pearl earrings, and scholars have recognized beautiful young models similar to Vermeer's wife in early works.
Maria was born around 1654, and if the date of the painting was 1667, 1669 and 1670 respectively, she would be 13, 15 and 16 years old, respectively.
Regular model in Vermeer girl writing, girl with guitar, and Lacemaker, his self-image in dating is similar to Vermeer
His second daughter, Lijsbeth.
Another important aspect relates to about the fifth painting currently assigned to Vermeer --
There are five in New York City alone.
This is based on the same model, object, and interior, adapting or combining elements of Vermeer's work, but not consistent with his level of technical mastery, characteristic methods, or logical development.
These "maladaptive" paintings with different attractions have not been identified, which hinders recognition of Vermeer paintings --by-
The development of painting and vice versa.
The dates assigned to Vermeer paintings now are also often too early as they are not based on paintingby-
Painting takes into account his development, including inappropriate painting, and does not take into account his model and their approximate age.
Earlier authors had questioned these inappropriate works, which may have been drawn by a student or one of his children, but did not pursue the possibility and did not paint as a group.
Vermeer did not register any students, but his followers may be one of his children, he does not need to register and most likely Maria.
Two inappropriate persons in the Frick Collection, the mistress and the maid, and a woman holding the piano, after the death of frill and his patron, it was also traded to a baker who bought the last painting of Vermeer.
That is to say, in order to ease the financial difficulties of the family, these paintings are sold and may be produced as counterfeit goods.
Therefore, Maria's apprenticeship must be a family secret.
Perhaps partly because of these circumstances, she did not seem to pursue painting after her marriage and her father's death.
The most interesting thing is that two of them do not fit, the flute girl and the Red Hat girl, are self-related and even considered self-
Portrait, and third, the same girl who was interrupted in Frick, seems to paint the same model as the girl wearing pearl earrings.
Since Frick's paintings cannot be traveled, this exhibition offers the only possibility to compare the adjacent original works.
Does Maria portray herself in these works?
If so, despite her technical challenges, she is more mentally intimate than her father.
The girl in a red hat, about 18 years old and about 1672 years old, also offers an amazing display of dazzling skills, including perhaps the most fascinating display (
Headdress in art history.
Her precocious masterpiece, if so, is further reflected, thus changing our experience of her father's early girl, who is wearing pearl earrings, not only a beautiful face, even the image of Vermeer's daughter is a portrait.
As an artist of young women.
These ideas, a theme for all.
Last spring's day seminar at the New York University's New Yorker Academy was no doubt speculation.
However, no one had previously attempted to systematically identify the models in these paintings, explain the inappropriate painting, or explain the painting of Vermeer --by-
Development of painting.
In the process of understanding Vermeer's work, these factors are inextricably linked, including girls wearing pearl earrings, and may eventually find another unacknowledged genius. Update, Oct.
2013: due to an editorial error, the title of the three paintings in this work is generally considered to be the original date of the Vermeer work.
We updated the title to reflect Binstock's theory of the order.
Benjamin Binstock is an expert in art and historical art methods during the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
He is finishing a book about young Rembrandt.
See the original article on Slate.